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Home > World Gardens >

Lalbagh Botanical Garden


Lalbagh Botanical Garden, officially known as Lalbagh Jnanabharathi, is a sprawling botanical paradise that spans over 240 acres. It was commissioned by Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore, in 1760 and later completed by his son Tipu Sultan. The garden has since evolved into a prominent centre for horticultural research, conservation, and public recreation.

Location: Bangalore, India

Historical Significance

The garden holds historical significance as it was initially designed as a private Mughal-style garden and later transformed into a public botanical garden by the British in the 19th century. The name "Lalbagh" translates to "Red Garden" in English, inspired by the vibrant red flowers that bloom here.

Design and Layout

Lalbagh features a harmonious blend of traditional Mughal, British, and Indian horticultural designs. The garden is laid out in a systematic manner, with well-laid pathways, fountains, terraces, and symmetrical arrangements of plants and trees. The iconic Glass House, inspired by London's Crystal Palace, is a major attraction and hosts annual flower shows.

Floral Diversity

The garden is home to an extensive collection of exotic and indigenous plants, trees, and flowers. Lalbagh houses over 1,800 species of plants, including rare and endangered ones. Visitors can explore themed gardens, such as the Rose Garden, Bonsai Garden, Topiary Garden, and the medicinal plant section.

Glass House

The Glass House is a stunning structure that was built to commemorate the visit of Prince Albert, the Prince Consort of Queen Victoria, in the 19th century. It hosts the biannual Lalbagh Flower Show, a vibrant display of floral arrangements, horticultural exhibits, and rare plant specimens.

Kempegowda Tower

At the heart of Lalbagh stands the Kempegowda Tower, erected by Kempegowda, the founder of Bangalore, in the 16th century. The tower offers panoramic views of the garden and the surrounding cityscape.

Rock Formation

Lalbagh is known for its unique rock formations, particularly the Kempegowda Tower's rocky base. The garden's natural topography includes hillocks and large granite rocks, adding to its picturesque charm.

Lakes and Water Features

The garden is adorned with several water bodies, including the Lalbagh Lake, which not only enhances the aesthetic appeal but also provides a habitat for aquatic life. Benches along the lakeside offer a tranquil spot for visitors to relax.

Biodiversity and Conservation

Lalbagh Botanical Garden plays a crucial role in the conservation of plant species. It is actively involved in research, education, and propagation of rare and endangered plants. The garden's efforts contribute to both local and global biodiversity conservation.

Visitor Amenities

Lalbagh provides amenities for visitors, including walking paths, benches, and open spaces for recreational activities. Regular events, educational programs, and guided tours enhance the visitor experience.

Lalbagh Botanical Garden stands as a horticultural jewel in Bangalore, inviting locals and tourists alike to immerse themselves in its historical, botanical, and aesthetic richness. The garden remains a cherished green lung in the midst of the bustling city, offering a serene retreat for nature enthusiasts and a haven for plant lovers.

(Image:By Muhammad Mahdi Karim)

Find out more:

To find out more about Lalbagh Botanical Garden, or if you want to visit, Click Here.

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